The Province of Macerata has very ancient historical documentations and thanks to archaeological excavations and studies they are now accessible for those who are interested in ancient history. You can go back to prehistory, but the most important periods for the development of the area were the Piceno and Roman ages. Many are the archaeological museums that testify the origin of the current inhabited centers through different kinds of finds and well preserved and visitable archaeological areas
The visitPorto Recanati
It was founded in 1229 on behalf of Recanati upon the place of the Roman Potentia founded in 184 B.C. at the mouth of the river Potenza. A large area of the ancient city has been brought to light: the temple of Jupiter, the thermal building, a domus with a mosaic floor and the covered market of the city. Inside the main tower of the Swabian castle, which dominates the center of Porto Recanati is placed a permanent archaeological exhibit "Divi & Dei" which exposes the statuary material found in various excavations.
The statues exhibited range from the 2nd century B.C. IV to A.D.
For the visit please contact 071 7591862
It is the capital of the province and it spread over a hill at about 300 m above sea level. The center has medieval origins, while in its locality of Villa Potenza there are the remains of a Roman town originally called Ricina and then became Helvia Recina to honor the emperor Elvio Pertinace who had designed the urban renewal. Founded in the III century B.C. near the road connecting Potentia to Septempeda (the current San Severino Marche), Prolaqueum (the current Pioraco) and finally to the Flaminia. Today you can visit the Roman theater, one of the largest in Marche that could seat up to 2,000 spectators. They were also recovered many artifacts lapidary.
For the visit please contact Palazzo Buonaccorsi 0733 256361
Visiting the museum of Palazzo Cento in the city center you can trace the history of Pollenza from the origins till today. In the museum they are exhibited prehistoric materials found in 1940 dated back to the Roman period. Particularly important are the funerary altar in white limestone from the Roman era and part of a mosaic floor recently rebuilt inside the chapel of the palace. It was discovered in an area downstream from the historical center in the excavation of a Roman villa. The floor depicts a scene of wild boar hunting and for its color characteristics and execution it can be related to the republican period between Silla and Augustus, although it was inspired by older models.
Museum of Palazzo Cento and Library, Roma str. 32 – 0733 549387
In the Civic Archaeological Museum housed in the former convent of San Francesco there are different kinds of relics documenting the various stages of history from the origins of the city. These are inscriptions, sculptural fragments and architectural elements found especially in the area where the ancient Trea stood. This area is now occupied by the Sanctuary of SS. Crucified and on the walls of the bell tower and on the one surrounding the garden as well as in the corridor leading to the cloister there have been embedded some interesting elements from the Roman era that suggest the presence of a temple dedicated to Isis.
Sanctuary of SS. Crucified, district SS. Crucified, 1 – 0733 216848
Civic Archaeological Museum, former San Francesco convent, 0733 218711
It was an ancient Roman town and its most important period was during the I century B.C. thanks to Tito Labieno, a native of the place, who was Caesar's lieutenant. He promoted the embellishment and urban development of the town. Remains of Roman area were found in Village San Lorenzo, not to far from the current historical center. However, the area around the town was already inhabited during the prehistoric period as you can see in the State Archaeological Museum where is located a varied prehistoric section (Paleolithic, Neolithic, Iron Age). The museum, which occupies the ground floor and basement of the Town Hall, also exhibits a rich collection of artifacts from the Roman era.
State Archaeological Museum, Vittorio Emanuele II square, 1 – 0733 603399
San Severino Marche
As evidenced by numerous and important artifacts visible in the "G. Moretti" Archaeological Museum the area was already inhabited by Piceni, pre-Roman Italic population that has left around the city necropolis with numerous funerary equipment of great value that show a very well organized civilization. The museum also exhibits Roman finds from the Roman Septempeda situated in the locality of Pieve about two kilometers from the city center. Here it has been brought to light an archaeological site dated to the first century BC with ruins of walls and a thermal building with pool, caldarium and frigidarium.
“G.Moretti” State Archaeological Museum, str. Castello al Monte, 1 – 0733633919
For guided visits please contact Pro Loco – 0733 638414
It was a center previously inhabited by Picenes of whom numerous necropolises in the municipality has been found, then it developed into a Roman municipium during the first century A.D. The Archaeological Museum is located in Palazzo Finaguerra where, in splendid rooms finely decorated, findings from the Iron Age, Roman period and Middle Ages are exhibited. Remarkable is the extremely rare spherical sundial made of marble with inscription in Greek dating back to the I-II century AD Very interesting are the funerary equipments found in some Picenes tombs in the area. During the last renovation of the condominial Theatre , designed by Giuseppe Piermanni former architect of “La Scala” Theatre in Milan, under the platform of the stage there were found remains of a home from the Picene period and some Roman thermal rooms.
Civic Archaeological Museum, str. San Francesco – 0733 787844
It was a Roman municipality and formerly a Picene town , as showed by the numerous necropolis find in the territory. From these necropolis, now no longer visible, it has been recovered many important findings for the knowledge of Picene culture. The "Aristide Gentiloni Silverj" Civic Archeological Museum, hosted in Castle of “La Rancia” evocative setting ( built in the mid 1300's on a granary by the Cistercian monks of the Abbey of Chiaravalle di Fiastra) shows rich funerary equipments and a Picene grave that has been rebuilt according to the drawings that the same Gentiloni Silverj realized in the course of the excavations. The Roman section of the museum exhibits tombstones, architectural elements and a beautiful statue of Julia daughter of Titus.
"Aristide Gentiloni Silverj" Civic Archeological Museum, Castle of “La Rancia” – Ph. 0733 973349
The Archaeological Park of Urbs Salvia is a fundamental testimony of the Roman period in the region. The ancient Roman city is still legible through a path that allows you to discover the structure of the city and its most important monuments: the reservoir of the aqueduct, the theater of the first century AD, the sacred area with the painted criptoportico, the amphitheater which could contain up to 5140 people, parts of the walls and some funerary monuments. In the center of Urbisaglia it is located the State Archaeological Museum where, among other things, you can see a neoattico crater, an omphalos and various Roman statues very well preserved. In the nearby Abbey of Chiaravalle di Fiastra, built in part with material from Roman Urbs Salvia, you can visit the Archaeological Fiastra Abbey Collection that shows various materials from the same Urbs Salvia.
State Archaeological Museum, Piccinini str. 0733 50107
Archaeological Park of Urbs Salvia, Urbisaglia 0733 506566, 0733 202942
Archaeological Fiastra Abbey Collection, Fiastra district,2 Urbisaglia 0733 202942
It was developed on behalf of the Umbrians Camerti on an area already inhabited during the Neolithic period, later it formed an alliance with the Romans and became a municipality. This evolution is richly documented in the Convent San Domenico Civic Museums. The archaeological section contains exhibits from the Neolithic to Roman Age, mosaics and fragments of frescoes, funerary and dedicatory inscriptions, numismatic and Greek and Italic vases collections. During the restoration of Filippo Marchetti Theatre (XIX cent.) under the stage they were found remains of an Roman criptoportioco.
Convent San Domenico Civic Museums, Costantini square, 1-0737 402309
Roman statio, it retains Roman parts in the crypt of the parish Church of Santa Maria Assunta. Inside the town hall you can find the "Pievebovigliana Museum" in which it is traced the entire history of the township, from prehistoric times to the present. In particular, "Valerio Cianfrani" Archaeological Museum displays many artifacts of value including vases, inscriptions, coins, jewelry and a Picene important inscription dating back to the fourth century BC coming from the near center of Fiordimonte.
Pievebovigliana Museum, Vittorio Veneto Square, 90 0737 44126
Serravalle del Chienti
In the Republican period (II - III SEC. BC) the area has already got buildings used as park point and accommodation (mansiones) along the road linking the Plestino highland (named after the Roman municipality near Colfiorito) and the territory of Camerino. In the ancient road network, this roadway had been important for the trade links between the Adriatic and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The archaeological area of Plestia is located near the Church of Santa Maria of Pistia and in the municipium of Plestia there were brought to light the remains of private houses richly decorated, a temple and a very important Republican dedication of the Plestinis to Dive Constantine. In the same area is the Da Varano’s barrel which was hewn by Julius Caesar of Varano in late 1400’s.
Church of Santa Maria of Pistia and archeological area – for the visit call 338 6372705
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