It is an important town from an artistic and historical point of view. It was probably founded after the destruction of the old Roman town of Septempeda whose remains are still visible in the area called Pieve. One of the most striking areas of San Severino is the one where Castello a Monte (or Monte Nero) rises, with the Duomo Vecchio, the Torre degli Smeducci ,which was the symbol of the political control exercised on the town by the local Signoria until 1426, and the ancient Episcopio, from which you can enjoy a beautiful view. This area has been inhabited since 944, then during the 14th century the population moved to the lower area because of social and economic reasons. The new Medieval village was founded around the wide and harmonious Platea Mercati which corresponds to modern Piazza del popolo.
The visitThe Piazza del popolo is surrounded by important buildings among which the Palazzo Comunale housing the Galleria d'arte moderna with a collection of works by Filippo Bigioli, the Theatre Feronia and the Torre dell'orologio designed by local architect Ireneo Aleandri. Leaving the main square, you find Church of Sant'Agostino erected in the 13th century and enlarged in 1827 when it became a cathedral. Its brick façade presents a late Gothic portal and on its right side a Romanesque Gothic bell-tower rises. The church of San Lorenzo was erected in the 6th century on the ruins of a pagan temple dedicated to the Feronia goddess. The present church goes back to the 11th century and in its crypt (10th /11th century) there some frescoes about the life of Saint Andrew by the Salimbeni brothers. From the area around the Castello you can enjoy an amazing view of the town and the surrounding mountains. The Torre degli Smeducci (13th century) is slightly tilted. Next to the tower you find the Duomo vecchio, with a 14th century brick façade: its interior, with an inlaid and carved choir by Domenico Indivini and a monumental organ, was restored between 18th and 20th century. Coming down from Monte Nero, you can visit the Sanctuary of the Madonna dei lumi of the 16th century which was built by the Oratorian Fathers. Just outside the town is the 16th century Sanctuary of the Madonna del Glorioso. The Pinacoteca Padre Tacchi Venturi is housed in Palazzo Manuzzini, which goes back to the 15th century. It is a collection of works that attest to the artistic vitality of the local pictorial school. Its leading figures were brothers Lorenzo and Jacopo Salimbeni, who were active international representatives of Gothic style until the beginning of the 15th century. You will also find paintings by Pinturicchio, Niccolò Alunno, Allegretto Nuzi, Paolo Veneziano, Lorenzo d'Alessandro, Bernardino di Mariotto and Vittore Crivelli. The Episcopio (the ancient bishop’s residence) houses the Museo Archeologico G. Moretti, which displays findings from Picene necropolises that were unearthed during various excavations and from the ancient Roman Septempeda. The Museo del Territorio “O. Poleti” includes a farm house and a botanical garden. Its aim is to show the importance of peasant, craftsmanlike and protoindustrial cultures.
Do not missThe elliptical Piazza del popolo, which is completely surrounded by porticoed buildings, is one of the most fascinating squares in the Marche region. You can find monumental churches and elegant noble buildings erected from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 19th century. The works by the Salimbeni brothers, which can be seen in the Pinacoteca Tacchi Venturi and in some local churches, are an example of the great artistic movement that characterized the town between the 14th and the 15th century.
Ufficio di Informazione Turistica – Pro Loco / Apertura Musei
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