The village’s territory covers the valley of the Potenza river, the hills and the mountains of the Marche pre-Apennines. It was founded on a rock spur 480 m above sea level. A bastion that was erected during the Da Varano family's dominion as a defensive outpost of Camerino towers over the village. The surrounding natural environment was shaped by the millenary human presence, as testified by many visible traces. Archeological finds have ascertained the presence of human settlements during the Copper Age. However the real development occured after a Roman road was built along the left bank of the Potenza river, even though no evidence remains of the Roman period.
The visitThe village’s outline is dominated by the Rocca that was erected in 1274 by the Da Varano family to defend his own Duchy. At that time Gagliole was part of the Varano family's land and the first fortified building was probably the ancient castle whose the sandstone tower is still visible. Next to the entrance gate of the castle, you find the small Church of San Giuseppe which houses a wooden Crucifix of the 16 th century and some 15th century frescoes. The Church of San Michele Arcangelo, erected in the 14th century, preserves its original portal with terracotta decorations. The interior, which was renovated in Neoclassical style during the 18th century, houses two stone altars. Along the road towards San Severino Marche, taking a gravel road, you can reach the old monastery of the Madonna delle Macchie which is characterized by a cloister surrounded by monastic buildings and two churches. The older of the two churches is a Gothic building, which houses several 14th century frescoes, while other paintings are now housed in the Museo Diocesano of Camerino. The other church, smaller than the first, houses some votive pictures and an Assunzione of the 15th-16th centuries. The Chiesa di S. Maria della Pieve was built with sandstone ashlars. It houses a remarkable 16th century fresco depicting a Madonna con Bambino.
Do not missThe Museum of Natural History, arranged by the Fondazione Oppelide in a 14th building opposite the Rocca Varano, houses many fossils and minerals from different countries all over the world. The most interesting section is that of the local fossils. This Museum is an important educational and cultural resource at the schools’ disposal.
Comune di Gagliole
+39 0737 641184
Piazza Matteotti, 1