O
ur province, rich in history and culture, has been home to notable people. People who have distinguished themselves for their knowledge, love of learning and eloquence: poets and writers – Leopardi being the most representative of them all – painters and musicians, as well as jurists, famed missionaries and men who have left their marks on our, and world, history.

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-Giacomo Leopardi

(Recanati, June 29, 1798 – Naples, June 14, 1837)


Italian poet, essayist, philosopher, philologist. Born to minor aristocracy in the small town of Recanati, Giacomo Leopardi is among the greatest Italian poets since Dante. By the age of 20 he had mastered Greek and Latin, among other languages and had begun using this huge knowledge to translate many classical works. Leopardi saw suffering as the sole essence and natural order of nature and his genius his painfully modern existential consciousness and frustrated hopes are intensely expressed in his superb lyric poetry. Among the English translations of his works, the following are the best known: Thomson's Essays, Dialogues and Thoughts and Trevelyan's Translations from Leopardi.

-Ugo Betti

(Camerino, February 4, 1892 – Rome, June 9, 1953)


After Pirandello, he is the foremost internationally known Italian playwright. He pursued a legal career, serving as a judge and as librarian of the Ministry of Justice in Rome. Betti is anyway better known as an author and he is considered by many one the greatest Italian playwrights. He wrote three volumes of poetry, three collections of short stories, and 26 plays. In his plays he explores the nature of evil, the existential guilt and the theme of redemption. His best-known play is Corruzione al palazzo di giustizia (first performed 1949) also known in English as Corruption in the Palace of Justice.

-Annibale Caro

(Civitanova Marche, June 6, 1507 – Rome, November 17, 1566)


He was a lyric poet, satirist, and translator, remembered chiefly for his translation of Virgil's Aeneid. He was first tutor to the wealthy family of Lodovico Gaddi in Florence and then secretary to Lodovico's brother Giovanni. At Gaddi's death, he became confidential secretary to Pier Luigi Farnese, duke of Parma. His most outstanding work is the smooth translation of Virgil's Aeneid (1581).

-Libero Bigiaretti

(Matelica, May 16, 1905, Rome, May 3, 1993)


He was an Italian writer. At the age of six, Libero moved to Rome with his family, but he never forgot his hometown, as we may understand from his tales and novels.He began his career as a poet in 1936 and published Ore e Stagioni, then started to write for the magazine Lettere d'oggi. He published his first novel Esterina in 1942 which was followed by I Figli (1954), I Racconti (1961) and Le Indulgenze (1966), the latter was awarded the Viareggio Prize.

-Beniamino Gigli

(Recanati, March 20, 1890 – Rome, November 30, 1957)


He was an opera singer. Gigli succeeded Enrico Caruso as the most celebrated operatic tenor of his time. He was the most famous of his generation, internationally renowned for the power of his honey-toned voice and the soundness of his vocal technique. He sang in Italy and then he joined the Met in New York City in 1920, where his career reached a new, worldwide dimension. Gigli's début in London was in 1930 at Covent Garden in Umberto Giordano's Andrea Chenier. He retired in 1955.

-Saint Nicholas of Tolentino

(Sant'Angelo in Pontano 1245, Tolentino, 1305)


He was a saint and a mystic. Saint Nicholas of Tolentino is known as the Patron of Holy Souls. Throughout Italy a number of churches are dedicated to him, including the church of San Nicolò da Tolentino in Venice; San Nicola da Tolentino agli Orti Sallustiani in Rome and, of course, the Basilica di San Nicola in the saint's hometown of Tolentino in the province of Macerata where the saint's tomb lies.

-Matteo Ricci

(Macerata, October 6, 1552, Beijing, May 11, 1610)


He was Jesuit missionary who introduced Christian teaching to China in the 16th century. Born to a noble family in Macerata, Matteo Ricci one of the founding missionaries of the Jesuit China Mission. His title is Servant of God. Matteo Ricci was the first Westerner to enter the Forbidden City in Beijing where he was finally admitted in 1601. Once there, since he could read and write classical Chinese, he preached the Gospel, taught science to scholars, and translated Christian works into Chinese.

-Giuseppe Tucci

(Macerata, June 5, 1894 – San Polo dei Cavalieri, April 5, 1984)


He was a scholar of oriental cultures, specialising in history of Buddhism. Tucci was Italy's foremost scholar of the East during the 20th century and one of the founders of the field of Buddhist Studies. His diverse research interests ranged from ancient Iranian religion to Chinese philosophy.He was fluent in several European languages as well as in Sanskrit, Bengali, Pali, Prakrit, Chinese and Tibetan. He studied in India, Nepal, Afghanistan, Persia, and Tibet. He taught primarily at the University of Rome but was a visiting scholar at universities and institutions throughout Europe and Asia.

-Alberico Gentili

(San Ginesio, January 14, 1552 – London, June 19, 1608)


He was an Italian jurist.
A graduate of the University of Perugia, Gentili, also known by his Latin name Albericus Gentilis, is considered by many scholars to be the founder of the science of international law. He was a precursor of Hugo Grotius and is worldwide renowned since he brought the study of international law into a modern framework. He recognized that all the European states belonged to one community of law, applied the principles of morality to international law and particularly to war, and separated international law from its religious basis. He left Italy because of his Protestant faith, travelled in Europe, and emigrated to England While teaching at the University of Oxford, where he held the regius professorship until his death, he published his works on international law issues (i. e. Commentationes de iure belli in 1588 and De iure belli libri tres in 1598).

-Ivo Pannaggi

(Macerata 1901 - Macerata 1981)


He was an Italian Futurist painter and Bauhaus architect. He introduced the Futurism movement into the Marche region. Together with Vinicio Palladini and Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, he wrote the Mechanical Art Manifesto in 1922, marking the beginning of the second decade of the Futurist movement. In the same year he took part in the Futurist Exposition held in Macerata.

-Gino Bonichi

(Macerata, February 25, 1904 – Arco, November 9, 1933)


He was an Italian painter, also known as Scipione. He was one of the founders (together with Mario Mafai and Antonietta Raphael Mafai) of the Roman School, a group of artists who were active in Rome and who were influenced by the Expressionist movement. These artists opposed to the empty rhetoric prevailing in much Italian art of the 1920s and 1930s. Among his works Ritratto del cardinale Vannutelli sul letto di morte, Ritratto di Ungaretti, Cavalli davanti al mattatoio and Le monache.

-Saint Camilla Battista Varano

(Camerino, 9 April, 1458 - Camerino, 31 May 1524)


She was a Poor Clare nun and abbess of a convent founded by her father in Camerino. Stigmatist. Her father was Giulio Cesare, the prince of Camerino. When she was 23, she decided to take the veil in the convent of the Poor Clares at Urbino and then two years later she moved to the Monastery of Santa Maria Nuova at Camerino, which was restored by her father in order to be closer to his daughter. She was beatified by Pope Gregory XVI in 1843. For more details, please see: http://www.clarissecamerino.it